Prior to the last week of Jesus’ life, we know that He was born in Bethlehem and he was taken to Egypt for safety to escape the wrath of King Herod. Jesus later returned from Egypt and lived as a child in a city called Nazareth. At the age of twelve, the Bible tells us that Jesus traveled from Nazareth to Jerusalem with his family to celebrate the Passover. He went to the temple where he sat among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions; and all who heard him were amazed at his understanding and his answers.
Matthew 2 & Luke 2
When Jesus began his public ministry, he was about thirty years old. For approximately three years, he performed many miracles of healing and he raised some from the dead; Jesus also taught about life and God.
When you read about the last week of Jesus’ life, you will know that He knew that he was the perfect sacrifice for our sins. He came to die so that we can live. Even though Jesus had plainly told his disciples, they did not completely understand until after the cross and the resurrection. Then they were changed. The cross and the resurrection changed everything.
Jesus Enters Jerusalem ~ Sunday
1 As they approached Jerusalem and came to Bethphage and Bethany at the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two of his disciples,
2 saying to them, “Go to the village ahead of you, and just as you enter it, you will find a colt tied there which no one has ever ridden. Untie it and bring it here.
3 If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you doing this?’ say, ‘The Lord needs it and will send it back soon.'”
4 They went and found a colt outside in the street, tied at a doorway. As they untied it,
5 some people standing there asked, “What are you doing, untying the colt?”
6 They answered as Jesus had told them to, and the people let them go.
7 When they brought the colt to Jesus and threw their cloaks over it, he sat on it.
8 Many people spread their cloaks on the road, while others spread branches they had cut in the fields.
9 Those who went ahead and those who followed shouted,
Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!” [b]
10 “Blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David!
Hosanna in the highest heaven!”
11 Jesus entered Jerusalem and went into the temple courts. He looked around at everything, but since it was already late, he went out to Bethany with the Twelve.
[a] Mark 11:9 A Hebrew expression meaning “Save!” which became an exclamation of praise; also in verse 10
[b] Mark 11:9 Psalm 118:25-27 “O Lord, save us; O Lord, grant us success. Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord. The Lord is God, and he has made his light shine on us. With boughs in hand join in the festive procession.”
- When Jesus entered Jerusalem before his death, how was he received by the people?
The Last Supper – Thursday
16 The disciples left, went into the city and found things just as Jesus had told them. So they prepared the Passover.
17 When evening came, Jesus arrived with the Twelve. 18 While they were reclining at the table eating, he said,
“Truly I tell you, one of you will betray me—one who is eating with me.”
19 They were saddened, and one by one they said to him, “Surely you don’t mean me?”
20 “It is one of the Twelve,” he replied, “one who dips bread into the bowl with me. 21 The Son of Man will go just as it is written about him. But woe to that man who betrays the Son of Man! It would be better for him if he had not been born.”
22 While they were eating, Jesus took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to his disciples, saying, “Take it; this is my body.”
23 Then he took a cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, and they all drank from it.
24 “This is my blood of the new covenant, which is poured out for many,” he said to them. 25 “Truly I tell you, I will not drink again from the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.”
26 When they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.
The painting The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci portrays Jesus and The Twelve at the moment when they are asking who would be the one to betray Jesus. They asked themselves, “Is it I?”
- In verses 23&24, what meaning did Jesus give to “the cup”?
- Who are the “many” in verse 24?
covenant – means sacred agreement
The Garden – Thursday night
Jesus prays. He is betrayed, arrested and his disciples abandon him.
The Garden of Gethsemane
32 They went to a place called Gethsemane, and Jesus said to his disciples, “Sit here while I pray.”
33 He took Peter, James and John along with him, and he began to be deeply distressed and troubled.
34 “My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death,” he said to them. “Stay here and keep watch.”
35 Going a little farther, he fell to the ground and prayed that if possible the hour might pass from him.
36 “Abba, Father,” he said, “everything is possible for you. Take this cup from me. Yet not what I will, but what you will.”
37 Then he returned to his disciples and found them sleeping.
“Simon,”he said to Peter, “are you asleep? Couldn’t you keep watch for one hour?
38 Watch and pray so that you will not fall into temptation. The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak.”
39 Once more he went away and prayed the same thing.
40 When he came back, he again found them sleeping, because their eyes were heavy. They did not know what to say to him.
41 Returning the third time, he said to them, “Are you still sleeping and resting? Enough! The hour has come. Look, the Son of Man is delivered into the hands of sinners.
42 Rise! Let us go! Here comes my betrayer!”
43 Just as he was speaking, Judas, one of the Twelve, appeared. With him was a crowd armed with swords and clubs, sent from the chief priests, the teachers of the law, and the elders.
44 Now the betrayer had arranged a signal with them: “The one I kiss is the man; arrest him and lead him away under guard.”
45 Going at once to Jesus, Judas said, “Rabbi!” and kissed him.
46 The men seized Jesus and arrested him.
47 Then one of those standing near drew his sword and struck the servant of the high priest, cutting off his ear.
48 “Am I leading a rebellion,” said Jesus, “that you have come out with swords and clubs to capture me?
49 Every day I was with you, teaching in the temple courts, and you did not arrest me. But the Scriptures must be fulfilled.” 
50 Then everyone deserted him and fled.
 Mark 14:36 Aramaic for father
 Luke adds: “But Jesus answered, “No more of this!” And he touched the man’s ear and healed him. Luke 22:51
 Isaiah 53
- Describe each person or group of people in the garden.
- Why had Jesus gone to this garden?
- How does Jesus praying “Take this cup from me if it is possible, yet not what I will, but what you will” help us understand his sacrifice for us by dying on the cross?