David was a great king of the Jewish people. God promised him that one of his descendants would rule forever. Many people imagined an earthly king who would restore them to freedom and past glory. But 300 years after King David and 700 years before Jesus was born, the prophet Isaiah described a different kind of promised king. Isaiah said that this king would suffer and die for us. Then He would be raised from the dead to prove that He is the king that would rule and reign forever. 

Discussion

  1. How was Jesus rejected by men? Read Matthew 26:3-5
  2. Why do people still reject Jesus today?
  3. What do you think would cause someone to suffer and die for another person? 
  4. How did Jesus suffer and die for us?
  5. What words in Isaiah 53:9 tell us that Jesus had not done anything to deserve this punishment?

Word List
descendants – direct relatives who come after you
imagined – supposed or assumed
restore – bring back
glory – fame and honor
prophet – one who receives special insight from God
suffer – experience something painful or bad
raised – in this reference: to come back to life

Learn More
In a future lesson, we will see how Jesus fulfilled all of the predictions made by Isaiah and the other prophets.

Bible Reading: Isaiah 53:3-12  The Suffering King

Isaiah 53:3-12  

53:3 Men made sport of him, turning away from him; he was a man of sorrows, marked by disease; and like one from whom men’s faces are turned away, he was looked down on, and we put no value on him.
53:4 But it was our pain he took, and our diseases were put on him: while to us he seemed as one diseased, on whom God’s punishment had come.
53:5 But it was for our sins he was wounded, and for our evil doings he was crushed: he took the punishment by which we have peace, and by his wounds we are made well.
53:6 We all went wandering like sheep; going every one of us after his desire; and the Lord put on him the punishment of us all.
53:7 Men were cruel to him, but he was gentle and quiet; as a lamb taken to its death, and as a sheep before those who take her wool makes no sound, so he said not a word.
53:8 They took away from him help and right, and who gave a thought to his fate? for he was cut off from the land of the living: he came to his death for the sin of my people.
53:9 And they put his body into the earth with sinners, and his last resting-place was with the evil-doers, though he had done no wrong, and no deceit was in his mouth.
53:10 And the Lord was pleased … see a seed, long life, … will do well in his hand. …
53:11 … made clear his righteousness before men … had taken their sins on himself.
53:12 For this cause he will have a heritage with the great, and he will have a part in the goods of war with the strong, because he gave up his life, and was numbered with the evil-doers; taking on himself the sins of the people, and making prayer for the wrongdoers.

以 赛 亚 书 Isaiah 53:3-12

53:3 他 被 藐 视 , 被 人 厌 弃 , 多 受 痛 苦 , 常 经 忧 患 。 他 被 藐 视 , 好 像 被 人 掩 面 不 看 的 一 样 。 我 们 也 不 尊 重 他 。
53:4 他 诚 然 担 当 我 们 的 忧 患 , 背 负 我 们 的 痛 苦 。 我 们 却 以 为 他 受 责 罚 , 被 神 击 打 苦 待 了 。
53:5 哪 知 他 为 我 们 的 过 犯 受 害 , 为 我 们 的 罪 孽 压 伤 。 因 他 受 的 刑 罚 我 们 得 平 安 。 因 他 受 的 鞭 伤 我 们 得 医 治 。
53:6 我 们 都 如 羊 走 迷 , 各 人 偏 行 己 路 。 耶 和 华 使 我 们 众 人 的 罪 孽 都 归 在 他 身 上 。
53:7 他 被 欺 压 , 在 受 苦 的 时 候 却 不 开 口 。 ( 或 作 他 受 欺 压 却 自 卑 不 开 口 ) 他 像 羊 羔 被 牵 到 宰 杀 之 地 , 又 像 羊 在 剪 毛 的 人 手 下 无 声 , 他 也 是 这 样 不 开 口 。
53:8 因 受 欺 压 和 审 判 他 被 夺 去 。 至 于 他 同 世 的 人 , 谁 想 他 受 鞭 打 , 从 活 人 之 地 被 剪 除 , 是 因 我 百 姓 的 罪 过 呢 ?
53:9 他 虽 然 未 行 强 暴 , 口 中 也 没 有 诡 诈 , 人 还 使 他 与 恶 人 同 埋 。 谁 知 死 的 时 候 与 财 主 同 葬 。
53:10 耶 和 华 却 定 意 ( 或 作 喜 悦 ) 将 他 压 伤 , 使 他 受 痛 苦 。 耶 和 华 以 他 为 赎 罪 祭 。 ( 或 作 他 献 本 身 为 赎 罪 祭 ) 他 必 看 见 后 裔 , 并 且 延 长 年 日 , 耶 和 华 所 喜 悦 的 事 , 必 在 他 手 中 亨 通 。
53:11 他 必 看 见 自 己 劳 苦 的 功 效 , 便 心 满 意 足 。 有 许 多 人 , 因 认 识 我 的 义 仆 得 称 为 义 。 并 且 他 要 担 当 他 们 的 罪 孽 。
53:12 所 以 我 要 使 他 与 位 大 的 同 分 , 与 强 盛 的 均 分 掳 物 。 因 为 他 将 命 倾 倒 , 以 致 于 死 。 他 也 被 列 在 罪 犯 之 中 。 他 却 担 当 多 人 的 罪 , 又 为 罪 犯 代 求 。